What is the reason why China's instrumentation industry lags behind?
China's instrumentation industry is also in the process of rapid development, although it has also made gratifying achievements, but from the overall point of view, there are still many problems in China's instrumentation line. So what is the reason for the backward instrumentation industry in China? The following Xiaobian will introduce it in detail, hoping to help you.
1, the reliability of the product is poor. The research on basic technology and manufacturing process is not enough, and some key technologies that affect reliability, such as processing technology, sealing technology, welding technology, have not been well solved, resulting in products (especially product ship performance is not stable and reliable. The reliability index of existing domestic products, the average trouble-free running time compared with foreign products, is roughly 1~2 orders of magnitude difference.
2, product performance, function lag. The measurement accuracy of the existing domestic products is 1 order of magnitude different from that of foreign products. In terms of function, the current degree of intelligence of foreign products is quite high, through the digital processing of the original double interest, the influence of external interference on the double interest is better excluded, and the environmental resistance and measurement authenticity of the product are improved. However, the intelligence degree of existing domestic products is still low. In addition, the network of products has entered the practical stage in foreign countries, while China is basically in the initial stage.
3, the product technology update cycle is slow. The current renewal cycle of foreign products is about 23 years. The stockpile of new technologies can often be advanced to ten years. On the other hand, our state-owned enterprises often update their products by introducing foreign technologies, which cannot be well digested and absorbed after introduction, and there are few original achievements in the development of new products. Some products using the new principle are still in a blank state in our country. Although research institutes have made achievements in tracking new technologies, it is difficult to integrate them with companies.
4, the lack of specific solutions developed for the use of objects. In recent years, the development trend of measurement control and instrumentation in foreign countries is to develop software products that closely integrate instrumentation and application objects, and provide users with personalized solutions. For example, the unit performance calculation software for 600,000 dry watts thermal power units, the optimization software for refining processes, and the graphics processing software for medical instruments. Our state-owned enterprise has not yet developed in this regard.
1, the serious shortage of enterprise liquidity, debt ratio is too high, loan difficulties, technology development and transformation, product development and normal organization and production have caused insurmountable difficulties.
2, from the current needs of major projects, large-scale control systems, optical instruments, analytical instruments, experimental instruments and other products, due to the product level can not meet the needs of users, a lot of dependence on imports.
3, urban and rural power grid transformation, residential expansion of demand for electricity meters has a significant growth, but because of too many manufacturers, limited market capacity, product oversupply, a small number of enterprises to sacrifice quality, reduce the price of the way to seize the market, product repair rate is too high, social reflection is strong, affecting the reputation of the industry.
4, the economic efficiency of the enterprise is slow to improve, and the Ren Nu to turn losses and increase profits is still difficult.
Although the number of losses has decreased, the amount of losses has increased, the main reasons are: "triangle debt" trouble, the interest burden is too heavy and the price of materials used in instrumentation products has risen, increasing costs, and so on, which has increased the difficulty of this loss recovery work.
5. Individual enterprises have poor management, chaotic production order, a significant decline in the indicators, and the growth point of the indicators in the region and the whole industry.
The overall level of China's instrumentation industry is not high, the specific reasons are summarized as follows:
1, the operation mechanism can not meet the requirements of the development of market economy. In the process of development, a number of state-invested backbone enterprises are facing the severe situation of aging products, loss of technical personnel, production and management difficulties; A group of enterprises with innovative mechanisms and flexible operation are gradually becoming new highlights, but most of them have not yet been able to master advanced core technologies, with few innovation achievements, and can not compete with large foreign companies.
2. The system and policy of organic integration of industry, education, research and finance have not been formed. Measurement control and instrumentation are typical knowledge-intensive, technology-intensive products, sensitive to high-tech development, is a synthesis of a variety of high-tech integration, therefore, the organic combination of production, learning, research, government, gold, and use is very important. It is difficult to form a joint force and lack of effective guidance. The problem of low yield of scientific research results is still very prominent.
3. Lack of strong national research support system. Measurement control and instrumentation line this variety, batch is small, need long-term, unremitting service. However, the total amount of investment is insufficient and the investment efficiency is not good. Investment channels are fragmented and difficult to concentrate. A fair and transparent evaluation system for the selection of research topics and research results is not yet in place. Unlike foreign countries, they cannot compete in full accordance with the rules of the market economy, and they lack national strategies such as strategic investment in research resources and rectification of the market environment required by the marketization of new technologies.
4, the industry scale is small, the total output value of measurement control and instrumentation industry is low. Not only is the volume small, but the proportion of the total economy is also small. In 2003, the total output value of domestic instrumentation accounted for only 0.82% of gross domestic product (CDPM0.82%), and 1.79% of the total output value of domestic industry. Domestic enterprises this single product market operation ability is strong, but the lack of comprehensive strength. In terms of manpower and financial resources, it can not compete with foreign multinational groups in the market. Therefore, it is in a weak position in market competition. The company lacks the engineering capacity for large-scale projects. The lack of high-level interdisciplinary talents and comprehensive talents who are familiar with and proficient in various disciplines is also an important reason for the gap.
In recent years, the instrumentation industry in accordance with the requirements of the scale of the market economy, to increase the structural adjustment of enterprises, enterprises through joint, mergers and other ways, the formation of a number of strong strength and market competitiveness of the enterprise group, production concentration significantly improved. Therefore, China's instrumentation line is expected to be raised to a new level in the future development.